May I ask for your daughter's hand in marriage? Should there be a comma between the first and and at, or before the and? Danny, thank you for your thoughtful message. How about when we have a possessive noun following the appositive? She didnt know. English Language Learners Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for speakers of other languages learning English. Example: The girl who received a scholarship is my sister. The reason is "direct address." We use commas to show that we are talking to the reader, not about the reader. Thank you for pointing this out. Give me that pen, please, Sue. In addition, since it is not a complete sentence, we see no reason to end in a period. If necessary, use the "Search" box on the right side of the page to find a post closely related to your question or comment.Your email address will not be published. Support FilmCow on Patreon! Additionally, it is used in numbers, dates, and letter writing after the salutation and . (Well, okay, it could be two people, if you're telling a story to "My friend" about John and yourself. I saw this sentence on a blog discussing conjunctive adverbs.They left out the comma before the conjunction so. This sentence very similar with: my older brother Dean cant do it. He is a good, but strict teacher. The professor of clinical psychology at Amsterdam University Pim Cuijper states that there is no evidence that supports this online treatment is less effective than conventional therapy. The that clause identifies a specific book. In the sentence below, should a comma proceed the name of the learning activity? My friend, John, and I went shopping." My wife, the CFO of her company, reads spy novels by the bucketful. A phrase that people use when they are too embarrassed to admit they are talking about themselves. To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. It would seem without the comma after blueberries, the whipped cream could be considered part of the patented blend (albeit in a poorly worded sentence,) which is not accurate. 3) My manager created the What concerns do you have at work? Therefore, the second quiz question could have two acceptable answers. English puts the possessive 's at the end of the whole noun phrase. Grammar explanation. Unrelated comments may be deleted. Because the quote is before the tag in this case, we put the comma before the tag too. (See also: John McCain) 2. Unless this is a special case, your sentence requires no commas. In our Rule 1 of Commas, we recommend using it in order to avoid confusion. The comma used before the conjunction in a list of three or more items is called a serial comma. In rugby, a rough sport, many players are injured. Your justification for preferring the Oxford comma is weak. Explanation: My friend is not a precise identifier because one may have numerous friends. I am trying to write the sentence in an email regarding tuition for my only son: I am certain I owe a large amount for my son, Blaises, participation. If Blaise is the appositive and I only have one son, I believe I should use the commas. It takes a comma before the conjunction (and, but, or, etc. P.S. Our senator is surrounded by commas because Jorge Torres is a precise identifier. In addition to writing music, the composer, Johann Sebastian Bach, worked as a musician and conductor. A rule that depends on how many dogs you have, or similar context should be treated as a guideline at best. Its called upcycling, or turning something you would otherwise throw away into a useful item. 1. "My friend Tom" is restrictive, so don't use a comma; "My boss, Mr. Andrews" is non-restrictive, so use a comma. Therefore, your sentences are punctuated correctly. 2. Have you considered the following interpretation? Charles went to town with his best friend, Mike. Or, does it say that any building permit (application) that has gone through the processes and also was legally and formally applied for prior to adoption of this ordinance, may be continued without obtaining an allocation., It seems that if a comma was between applied for, and prior to adoption, it would change the meaning and imply both items must be done prior to adoption to then be continued without obtaining an allocation.. "My friend John" (no punctuation) works as a noun phrase, so you can write this: My friend John's car. But, what about in a possessive case? John knows everything about me, and I know everything about him. Question about comma placement in the following sentence: He paused and in the stillness of the moment his countenance glowed brightly.. Also, a period is missing from the end of the sentence. Example: Her dog, Bruno, loves to eat macaroni and cheese. Have you read Madol Duwa the famous childrens book? I need a 'standard array' for a D&D-like homebrew game, but anydice chokes - how to proceed. Explanation: The girl by itself is not sufficient information. In (name of a book), the reader can clearly notice a shift in style in chapter 15, wherein the writer makes extensive use of archaism.. The plural form thousands is correct in your sentence. with or without a comma: "my close friend John". Is there a punctuation change for the second. If the name further identifies the person or thing from an otherwise broader category (all the speakers friends) it is essential: don't separate it with commas. Tracey: It is actually non-restrictive. Regarding comma usage, the sentence is correct. The subtitles wrote the apposition between commas but I feel like the apposition is necessary to know which one of her [] issues it refers to. Have you read Madol Duwa, the famous childrens book? How does this rule apply with the following sentence structure? 2) My manager created the discussion topic What concerns do you have at work? When the noun preceding the appositive provides sufficient identification on its own, use commas around the appositive. In your first sentence, Mt. His name is Michael. Punctuate within full-sentence parentheses. You are correct. This may be a matter of authors interpretation, but we would not enclose the phrase in commas. Is the use of commas correct in this sentence? Battles by My Friend John . There are two main options: To my beloved, John. He knew what people said about him. Therefore, the ex-wifes name is essential: David had come to the after-party with his ex-wife Lily. 1) My manager created the discussion topic, What concerns do you have at work?, in my appraisal document. My brother John was the mayor of the city. This module discusses the commonly used punctuation marks, their significance and their implementation. Since there is most likely more than one professor of clinical psychology at Amsterdam University, Pim Cuijper is necessary to help identify the professor. could you please to tell me if the following is grammatically and stylistically correct? There are several issues with the sentence. It gives you the option to take a soft pause on an ongoing sentence. If the formal name of the company is Bob Jones, Architect, it should be capitalized. I found out from my friend, Tom. Joshua and Caleb had brought back the minority report after spying out the land, and as a result, they were spared the judgment against the unbelieving Israelites. Get BTS access and more: Lyrics:. 8. My wife, a woman with no sense of fear, is a professional bomb tester. In some countries, a man can have more than one wife at a time. When is a comma used? Unconsciously we take everything personally - that is, we seek to make sense of the world by working out how information affects us. (Although I doubt you would get much argument if you wrote, Shadam will be married in her mother, Sarahs, gold wedding band.) Is it necessary to put a comma to avoid confusion, or is it better as is? 2. My friend is taking this as a joke, saying that Pence is endorsing Gary Johnson (a bold truth-teller) among three candidates, while I say that even ignoring the obvious context of the statement, the phrase should still be taken as an appositive. I read the editing handbook The Chicago Manual of Style in one sitting would be appropriate in a context in which the content of the book is not apparent. He was Jack, the big ape who got his job because of his mother. Martin the captain is logical only if theres more than one Martin: Martin the captain wore his dress uniform, while Martin the lieutenant was still in his combat fatigues. But its more likely that in such a case, youd use each Martins job title before his name. The Comma Johanneum and Cyprian. Therefore, Paul has only one sister. The word precisely does not seem needed: Its headquarters is located in the capital, Rabat, in Madinat Al Irfane. The commas are correct, or enclose the bank account in parentheses instead: (number 13579). So we have:An above average student and talented musician, John made his family proud and My older brother, Dean made me cry yesterday. I still grieve my dear wife, Helens, death. Martin the Captain: does it mean there are more than one captain?. How about this sentence? How do commas and appositives work when youre trying to indicate possession. In this show I get my friend John to experience a piece of media he hasn't seen or heard before! Explanation: Our pediatrician is still a relatively precise identifier so Andr Wilson is not considered essential. Are these commas correct? 1. "John, this is Mary, my wife." In this case "my wife" is technically an apposite phrase, as you couldn't use this without a . My friend Bob is a teacher. However, if possible, we recommend recasting the sentence to something such as: costs anywhere from ten thousand dollars to thirty-five thousand dollars. (Use commas if Alex is your only brother.). English Only my friend John Joseph A Dec 5, 2022 J Joseph A Senior Member Kurdish Dec 5, 2022 #1 Hello everyone, Is it okay to write a name after thd word "friend" without a comma as follows? Also, sometimes context is enough to pick out one referent and then you might well intend an apposition: "I'd like you to meet my associate, Rita" (with a definite pause before the name) when the speaker has more than one associate, but Rita is with him in the room, so she's clearly the unique referent intended. The correct treatment would be: Mrs. Brown stated her boyfriends, Jim Smiths, education includes a degree. There are many ways you might frame your sentenceWhen one reads , When people read , When I read but your sentence is grammatically correct. Thank you for pointing out these punctuation errors. A phrase that people use when they've actually forgotten your name. Your sentence needs to be rewritten. Should this be wife, Lily or wife Lily? Madol Duwa is a precise identifier; the appositive the famous childrens book is not considered essential. Ask Annalisa Barbieri Marriage. Stack Exchange network consists of 181 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. Titles of Books, Plays, Articles, etc. The sentence is a bit ambiguous, however our assumption of the intended meaning was based on the original sentence mentioning a relationship rather than relationships with Mr. Smith and his nephew, as well as the specific question asked, which was Is a comma needed after nephew? Our response seemed to satisfy Ginny Tarver, since she did not write back with any further clarifications. Outdoor amusements means those amusements including: fairgrounds, outdoor sports facilities, racetracks, and other similar uses, not otherwise specifically defined.. How about appositives in a series preceding and? I have been taught that we no longer should separate a series with a comma preceding an and. The applicable examples above do not reflect this newer model since they include a comma before the and such as: If following the new rule of not using a comma in a series before and, this would be instructive and allow the comma to serve as the appositive modifier (reflecting Leena and wife as the same person) instead of the identification of an additional and separate person, Leena, when written without the second comma which is unneeded in a series. I saw these rules and thats why I confused. I need to prove one of my teachers wrong. The rule states, When an appositive is essential to the meaning of the noun it belongs to, dont use commas. We have a relationship with Mr. Smith through our partnership in Florida, as well as WITH his nephew, who is a member of our church.. In speech, however, it is the single-marking version that is usually heard. For a definite noun phrase, that means it has a unique referent. The XYZs Bobby Smith reprises the Emmy Award-winning Bobbys Corner with special guest, Mayor John Doe.. A. 7.Excuse me, Tamera, for bumping into you. Since Leena is not essential to the meaning of his wife, use commas around the appositive. @Apollyon Very good observation. Sometimes we represent more than one party. In the article Saving Penguins thousands of teenagers rushed to help 40,000 penguins. In the short story, The Tell-Tale Heart, Poe explores the physical manifestation of guilt. Using the information you learned in this article along with our Rules 5 and 6 of Commas, try answering these on your own. When you address someone-hey, you-you're supposed to use a comma. But there's one comma rule I've flip-flopped on: my husband Michael. 1. Or do I use commas or not? To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. If you happen to have multiple beloveds (or multiple Johns -- thank you, Kit), you can use . 1) There was a call about a man whos sick named Paul. Are the commas necessary in this type of sentence? Only when theyre nonessential? It would be advisable to rewrite the sentence to avoid this quandary: The first question on the application was, Where do you see yourself in five years? It made her panic. When the noun preceding the appositive provides sufficient identification on its own, use commas around the appositive. If Shadam only refers to one person as mother (i.e., no stepmother, adoptive mother, etc. Second:My older brother Dean made me cry yesterday. rev2023.1.17.43168. For instance, what do the following two sentences imply? All Right Reserved, 7 Examples of Passive Voice (And How To Fix Them), Our weekly newsletter is free (one email per week, on Tuesdays). Where would the comma go in the sentences? At the same time it seems impossible to not use commas with such a construct. But the adjectival phrase Asian American film legend is merely what is called a temporary epithet; it could refer to other people as well. Are those necessary? We file a pleading on behalf of just one defendant. It looks awful strange to type Defendant, John Ford Companys, Motion to Dismiss. I am still puzzled on how to correctly punctuate the following: Do you have to insert a comma in the following question and why? You proposed: We have a relationship with Mr. Smith through our partnership in Florida, as well as through his nephew, who is a member of our church. But I think the original sentence is ambiguous. Italics? The whole reason that we haven't either all settled on using Oxford commas or all settled on not using them is that neither system actually works. If you could enlighten me on this, I would be most grateful! In accordance with Rule 10 of Commas, place a comma after this dependent phrase. The multiple-marking version is preferred in writing, no doubt because it allows the supplement to be set off by paired commas. Example: Julie Minsky, CEO, will be our featured speaker. Sometimes it's referred to as the Oxford comma or the Harvard comma. If we remove "Sam," the meaning of "good morning" stays the same. I had two siblings: Jim and Mary. By clicking Accept all cookies, you agree Stack Exchange can store cookies on your device and disclose information in accordance with our Cookie Policy. Here is my question. So begins the heartwarming story of two young boys who together experience fun times, sad times, happy times, hard times, secret times, and all the in-between . b. To achieve greater clarity in writing, it is best to keep related items as close together as possible. His friend Bill makes horror films. 'Mary' is inessential--assuming I have only one mother (not always the case I know), then "my mother" is enough to identify who I am speaking about. Hato Island, and its 223 residents, was striked by a tornado. 9. Shadam will be married in her mother Sarahs gold wedding band. Without a comma, the name becomes part of the descriptor, necessary to fully restrict the set of possible referents. Or the first has gone through the processes, and only the second must be applied for prior to adoption, to then be continued without obtaining an allocation. My grammar is admittedly very weak, but everyone tells me that the document this comes from is well written. "Dear" isn't the same as "hi." Dear is a modifier, and you don't use a comma to separate modifiers from the things they modify "lazy, cat." They work as a unit: "lazy cat." Second, a comma after Dear John makes more sense than a comma after Hi, June. Thanks for your efforts. By clicking Accept all cookies, you agree Stack Exchange can store cookies on your device and disclose information in accordance with our Cookie Policy. This is, at best, a hopeless sentence that must be recast. Everest provides sufficient identification on its own; therefore, the commas around the non-essential appositive the worlds highest peak are correct. The phrase not otherwise specifically defined can only modify other similar uses since the sentence makes no sense if and other similar uses is removed. He names the toy astronaut, John, and from that moment on, the two become best friends. It may not display this or other websites correctly. Thanks! For example: "My friend Bill came over. uses commas to separate a nonrestrictive modifier. I have seen this from other law firms and I want to confirm that they are, in fact, incorrect. My mother, Mary, took me to see the Spice Girls in concert. Thank you for clarifying. This sentence has a subordinate clause and an appositive set off with dashes: While I dont mind citrus fruits lemons, limes, and oranges I really prefer vegetables. During the fall months. However, complicating this sentence is the possessive noun followed by an appositive, such that some may ask should the sentence be written as, Shadam will be married in her mothers, Sarahs, gold wedding band? My colleague has put a one comma before the name John, explaining that an above average student and talented musician is a nonessential appositive and should be separated by comma. Ella, my little sister, will escort you to your seat. Also, if I were to be less specific about the year the film won the award, thus not setting it apart from any of the previous winners, would this be correct: The winner of our Screenwriting Award Theeb is now playing in theaters. The phrase my friend John contains two appositives, because my friend and John are two ways of identifying that person I know well. "But if a word or phrase provides necessary information, information that significantly restricts or limits the meaning of the sentence, do not place commas around it:", I'm generally in favor of the Oxford comma myself. The politician Senator Reids bill was passed by the House. Cannot understand how the DML works in this code. I have been struggling with this sentence. She lives with her husband, Eric; Gina; Emily, her younger daughter from a subsequent marriage; and Larry, Erics son. The mayor of Toronto, John Tory, has introduced 2. That sentence works fine on its own. answer choices. My friend (John) and I went shopping. If so, why? So begins the heartwarming story of two young boys who together experience fun times, sad times, happy times, hard times, secret times, and all the in-between times only two best friends can share. What a shame). The comma makes it non-restrictive. Its my friend Johns car. This is really a case of restrictive/non-restrictive phrases. He noted that I had not mentioned Cyprian in my essay on this text and that some KJV only folks claimed that Cyprian actually quoted the form that appears in the KJV ("For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and . If the commas introduce ambiguity then don't use them. Sticking with the question at hand, the comma after the word and is correct. A serious student, Rebecca, will graduate early from college. John Smith, Joe Smith, The Money Company, and Jessica Smooth vs. Scottsdale Cars Inc., John Ford Company, and Joe Smith United Flight Cleaners. A friend recently wrote to me about the KJV reading of 1 John 5:7-8. Youve posed an interesting question that we feel should not be forced to conform to the guidelines we might normally follow for essential vs. nonessential words. The syntactical situation Im talking about is identifier-name. Q. Harold is an excellent singer and he can dance all of the latest dance moves. The basic idea is that if the name (in the above example, Jessie) is the only thing in the world described by the identifier (my oldest friend), use a comma before the name (and after it as well, unless youve come to the end of the sentence). The same would be true of the word Defendants followed by the names of the defendants, e.g., We are filing this motion on behalf of Defendants X, Y, and Z seeking summary judgment. I need my sunglasses. Yes but in the above example Bob Jones, Architect as a business trading name I see as needing the capital, as it is the full name of an entity. Couldn't you still run into the same problem using "My oldest friend, Jessie, and I went shopping."? "Such and such walked into a bar" jokes are very popular in the UK, and this very simple one will help you remember how to employ the passive voice and how it differs from the active voice. This includes identifying information. Here are some erroneous uses of punctuation with appositives: Whether this sentence is correct or not, actually, depends on specific knowledge: Does the writer have more than one sister? Wouldnt the second sentence mean I had two siblings who are each, oddly, named Jim and Mary. When the subject is separated from the verb by words such as along with, as well as, besides, or not, ignore these expressions when determining whether to use a singular or plural verb. ), the word Sarah is not essential to her mother, therefore use commas around the appositive. Select the answer choice that corrects the punctuation errors: Although he works hard, math is difficult for Jared. We recommend avoiding the double possessive. Are the commas correct in the following sentences? I think the solution, that he hired a replacement, was the best course of action at the time. Regarding comma usage, the sentence is incorrect. I am questioning the use of the word or and the comma together. It can be omitted only if the context makes clear that the artist has performed more than one show. Ella my little sister will escort you to your seat. There are a few exceptions and they're mostly family relations. Answer: Yes, you need to use a comma between the person's name and the greeting. You could add your brothers name. Wherein could also be replaced by in which, or even just where, if a less formal tone were the goal. That's unambiguously three people, because now John can't be parenthetical. You are correct. Most of the time you probably won't use a comma with "too" because your sentences will be chugging along without needing a pause. Nonrestrictive appositive (a topic): My manager created a discussion topic, What concerns do you have at work?, in my appraisal document. Book titles should be italicized. Therefore, no commas are necessary. If I dont get this assignment back tonight, I will not be able to play in my lacrosse game tomorrow, and, understandably, I have been looking forward to it. Unless Brett is a polygamist, the term his wife is a precise identifier. In which case, it would seem that My older sister, Jane, is a pain would be correct. There was a young man, Michael, walking through the forest. I think that most people would assume John was the friend however the commas were arranged, unless they had prior knowledge to suggest otherwise. I really did find this post very interesting; I thought most of your examples were intuitively obvious (the result, I suspect, of YEARS of steady reading), but would have been hard put to it to devise a unifying principle. The and at the end of that list is what's crucial here. Rule 11 in the Commas section of states, If something or someone is sufficiently identified, the description following it is considered nonessential and should be surrounded by commas. Since Brett only has one wife, the word Leena is nonessential to the meaning of the word wife. Further, as Rule 1 states, To avoid confusion, use commas to separate words and word groups with a series of three or more. In theory, this sentence could be interpreted exactly as you did, with the series of three being his wife, Leena, and three sons. One option may be: Any building permit or permit application that has gone through the required permitting processes (e.g., rezoning and subdivision) and been legally and formally applied for before adoption of this ordinance may be continued without obtaining an allocation.. Create a compound sentence using the two simple sentences below. In the short story, The Tell-Tale Heart, Poe explores the physical manifestation of guilt. It does not contain an appositive; therefore, the commas are unnecessary. You are using an out of date browser. : Underline? Add commas if needed. What else could a senator be? When the word the appears, the title is used descriptively and requires a comma (as in the first sentence). Yes. Luke, Hunter, and Ronnie are the hardest working students. @EmmaDash if friend, John and "I" are all dogs, then it would be zero ;). Answer: My friend John, who owns the chocolate Lab puppy, is getting ready to leave for a trip. As the post states, When the noun preceding the appositive provides sufficient identification on its own, use commas around the appositive. Therefore, your commas are correct. (The problem is apparent.) Who is right in this case? How did adding new pages to a US passport use to work? If this is the first show that particular performance artist has ever put on (and therefore, the artists only show), would it not be correct to use the commas? In that case, the commas are correct. We can either elect my running matea bold truth-telleror the most dishonest candidate in history.. CORRECT. Quotation Marks. I simplified the sentence. Deed from John and wife, Jane to Bob. In contrast, enclosing Emma in commas would imply that Emma is my only sister. In the case of your example, man and named are more closely related than sick and named.
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